Wildfire and climatic change
Wildfire and climatic change
Wildfire plays a major role in the forest ecosystem. But wild fire had many environmental related benefits like they can cut back the sick or dead trees and let the trees to re-grow for later. This proves that fire not destroy but also give re-growth to the tress in the forest. Wildfires are unpredictable and unplanned fires occur in the forest. Wildfires are burn at a temperature more than 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit. This temperature is twice hot as the surface of Venus. It will also spread faster at the ground, twice the human can run. There must be three things present, like oxygen, heat and fuel, a fire will start. This can be called as a fire triangle by foresters. If there is any plenty of these elements, the fire will spread towards the direction. To control the fire, we should limit any one of these in the three elements.
Effects of Wildfires
Plant purifies the atmospheric air by taking carbon dioxides and impurity air and release oxygen. When plant life is extinguished by fires, the quality of air that we breathe will dismiss and greenhouse gas will increase in the atmosphere will lead to change in climate and global warming. The clouds of huge smoke by wildfires will lead to air pollution. If the greenhouse gas will increase it will lead to global warming and the smoke and dust which destroy will cause air pollution.
We all know that forest soils are loaded with nutrients arise from decaying of remaining forest. There are some numerous natural features in the forest soil. While the burning of trees and leaves, the soil expose to make it readily unsafe to soil erosion. The entire value of the soil destroys due to high temperature caused by wildfires.
In dry tropical forest the commonly happen major issue was forest fire. During the forest fire, thousands of acres of trees are removed. Every year, during forest fire are shows that the quality of forest features like soil fertility, biodiversity and ecosystem will reduced.
The smoke from wildfires are mostly water vapour, also it contains gases like carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxide and other particulate matter which affect human health.
Causes of Wildfire
90% of wildfires may cause by humans. A worldwide study of smoking related fire by epidemiologists says that the smoking is the cause of fire. The effect and dust also cause breathing trouble and will lead to respiratory disorders. Due to climatic change, since 2000, an average of 72,400 wildfires had burned an average of 7.0 million acres.
In the earth’s crusts is usually discharges hot magma which releases lava during volcanic eruption. Magma is a molten rock found below the earth surface.
Wildfires have both immediate and long-term effects on air quality. Large amount of smoke released in the atmosphere during wildfire. The fire during air pollution may travel to a greater distance and it may affect the human health. It makes difficult to breathe when we are inhaling the polluted air.
Wildfire will affect local atmospheric pollution, and release carbon in the form of carbon dioxide. The ash and smoke generated during wildfires will pollute the atmosphere and affect the human health issue while people breathe the polluted gas. The health issues like breathing problems, eye irritation and respiratory disease are the common heath issue while people live near the fire areas.